A Guide to Petroleum Products
In simple terms, petroleum products are organic matter, which is produced by refining crude oil. The more substantial part of petroleum is usually converted into petroleum products. They are composite mixtures, which include many groups of fuel. Crude oil that is mined from geological sources is made up of a mixture of different hydrocarbons. Therefore this crude oil is passed through a complex purifying process to isolate it into various structures of hydrocarbons. In addition, refining will convert some of the hydrocarbons into desired products. This article is about some petroleum products from the oil refining process.
There are many end products of the oil refining process, part of which will be discussed here. The first oil refining product is vacuum gas oil or VGO. VGO is a vital transitional raw material, which can raise the output of some great fuels. Some of the fuels whose performance is refined by the addition of VGO include gasoline and diesel. Vacuum distillation is regularly employed to get gas oil from residual oil. High temperatures and vacuum conditions area applied throughout the distillation operation.
The vacuum is used to bring down the boiling temperature of the oil. As such, distillation is carried out in temperatures, which are not possible in atmospheric distillation. This activity separates light gas oil and heavy gas oil into fractions and leaves behind vacuum residuum. This light fragment of VGO is therefore known as light vacuum gas oil (LVGO).
EG also ethylene glycol is another organic compound, which will be explored. Ethylene glycol is an additional petroleum product, which is obtained from natural gas. Ethylene glycol is commonly used as a raw material for two processes. In the first place, ethylene glycol is utilized in the generation of antifreeze formulations. Secondly is used in the processing of polyester fibers. Ethylene glycol is a liquid that is environmentally unfriendly. In addition, this liquid is colorless and odorless. If mixed with water, ethylene glycol makes the freezing point of water lower than zero. During the production of polyester, ethylene glycol is a vital precursor. Manufacture of plastic bottles is an illustration of where it can be used, so long as it is changed into a proper form.
Finally, as outlined above, ethylene glycol is harmful mainly to humans and animals. Its sweet taste allures motile living things. When it is ingested it is oxidized to oxalic acid that is dangerous to the body in large amount. It is therefore recycled to minimize this damage. A vacuum distiller is employed in ethylene glycol recycling. Used ethylene glycol mixture is heated in a heat exchanger to vaporize and clean it.